Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in Europe. With an area of 51,197 sq km, it is slightly smaller than the U.S. state of West Virginia.
COUNTRY shares a border with Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia. It is mostly mountains and valleys.
People who live in Bosnia and Herzegovina are called Bosnians and Herzegovinians, which are also the adjectives used to describe something from this country. As of July 2012, there are 4,622,292 people in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The ethnic groups that reside there are mostly Bosniak (48%) and Serb (37%) with some Croat (14%). Several languages are spoken there Bosnian (official), Croatian (official), and Serbian. Muslims make up approximately 40% of the population, while Orthodox (31%)and Catholic (15%) make up the rest.
The country's official name is Bosnia and Herzegovina. The capital is Sarajevo, and the country is made up of 2 first-order administrative divisions and 1 internationally supervised district. Bosnia and Herzegovina gained independence from Yugoslavia on March 1, 1992. The constitution can be found here through Constitution Finder. The current leaders are Presidency Chairman Bakir Izetebegovic (Bosniak), Presidency Member Zeljko Komsic (Croat), and Presidency Member Nebojsa Radmanovic (Serb) . Information about the leaders of COUNTRY's government can be found here. The currency is the konvertibilna markas (BAM), which stands at 1.39 BAM per USD as of 2011.
All of this information was gathered from the CIA World Factbook. For more information, check out these resources...
Bosnia and Herzegovina Government Site
Bosnia and Herzegovina, CIA World Factbook
Background Notes: Bosnia and Herzegovina, U.S. Department of State
2011 Country Report on Human Rights Practices in Bosnia and Herzegovina, U.S. Department of State.
You can also check out the Country Studies tab on our Fed Docs libguide here for more resources on all of the countries.
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