Monday, June 11, 2012

Country Profiles: Bolivia

Bolivia is located in South America. Named after the independence fighter Simon Bolivar, Bolivia broke away from Spanish rule in 1825. With an area of 1,098,581 sq km, it is slightly less than three times the size of the U.S. state of Montana.

Bolivia shares a border with Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Peru. It is has the rugged Adnes Mountains with a highland plateau, along with hills and the lowland plains of the Amazon Basin.

People who live in Bolivia are called Bolivians, which is also an adjective used to describe something from this country. It is estimated that there will be 10,290,003 people in Bolivia by July 2012. The ethnic groups that reside in Bolivia are mostly Quechua (30%) and mestizo (30%) with some Aymara (25%) and white (15%). Several languages are spoken there, but only three are official: Spanish (60%), Quechua (21%), and Aymara (14%). Roman Catholics make up approximately 95% of the population, while Protestants, mostly Evangelical Methodist, make up an additional 5%.

The country's official name is Plurinational State of Bolivia. The capital is La Paz, and the country is made up of 9 departments. The constitution was created on February 7, 2009. The constitution can be found here through Constitution Finder. The current president is Juan Evo Morales Ayma. Information about the leaders of Bolivia's government can be found here. The currency is the bolivianos(BOB), which stands at 6.983 BOB per USD as of 2011.

All of this information was gathered from the CIA World Factbook. For more information, check out these resources...

Bolivian President Site

Bolivia, CIA World Factbook

Background Notes: Bolivia, U.S. Department of State

2011 Country Report on Human Rights Practices in Bolivia, U.S. Department of State.

You can also check out the Country Studies tab on our Fed Docs libguide here for more resources on all of the countries.

Sonnet Ireland
Head of Federal Documents
Reference & Instruction Librarian
Subject Specialist: Legal Research, Political Science
Urban and Transportation Studies, Engineering

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