Monday, October 22, 2012

Country Profiles: Bulgaria

Bulgaria is located in Europe. The first Bulgarian state was formed in the late 7th century when the Bulgars merged with the Slavic inhabitants. Bulgaria joined NATO in 2004 and the European Union in 2007. With an area of 110,879 sq km, it is slightly larger than the U.S. state of Tennessee.

Bulgaria shares a border with Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, and Turkey. It is mostly mountains with lowlands in the north and southeast.

People who live in Bulgaria are called Bulgarians, which is also an adjective used to describe something from this country. As of July 2012, there are 7,037,935 people in Bulgaria. The ethnic groups that reside in Bulgaria are mostly Bulgarian (76.9%), as well as Turk (8%) and Roma (4.4%). Several languages are spoken there: the official language Bulgarian, as well as Turkish and Roma. Eastern Orthodox make up approximately 59.4% of the population, while Muslims (Sunni and Shia) make up an additional 7.8%.

The country's official name is the Republic of Bulgaria. The capital is Sofia, and the country is made up of 28 provinces. Though Bulgaria gained complete independence from the Ottoman Empire on September 22, 1908, a constitution was not adopted until July 12, 1991. The constitution can be found here through Constitution Finder. The current president is President Rosen Plevneliev. Information about the leaders of Bulgaria's government can be found here. The currency is the leva(abbreviated BGN), which stands at 1.4065 BGN per USD as of 2011.

All of this information was gathered from the CIA World Factbook. For more information, check out these resources...

Bulgarian Government Site

Bulgaria, European Union

Bulgaria, CIA World Factbook

Background Notes: Bulgaria, U.S. Department of State

2011 Country Report on Human Rights Practices in Bulgaria, U.S. Department of State.

You can also check out the Country Studies tab on our Fed Docs libguide here for more resources on all of the countries.

Sonnet Ireland
Head of Federal Documents
Reference & Instruction Librarian
Subject Specialist: Legal Research
Planning and Urban Studies
Political Science

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